For Pope Francis to change the Vatican, he must tame a hierarchy whose branches are run like medieval fiefs and whose supplicants vie for access and influence. Steve Ballmer hopes 'One Microsoft all the time' strategy will help it to beat Apple, Google and other rivalsMicrosoft has announced a deep reorganisation of the company that chief executive Steve Ballmer hopes will boost its "speed, efficiency and capability" as it responds to strong threats to its traditional PC software business.In
a lengthy email sent to all employees, and published on the company's press site, Ballmer outlined the corporate reorganisation, and the strategy behind it.The company will be organised by function: Engineering, Marketing, Business Development and Evangelism, Advanced Strategy and Research, Finance, HR, Legal and COO (the latter of which includes field, support, commercial operations and IT)."There will be four engineering areas: OS, Apps, Cloud, and Devices," explained Ballmer, in what may be the key change for Microsoft as it strives to make its Windows, Xbox and Windows Phone platforms work more seamlessly together.One of the key roles in the new structure goes to Julie Larson-Green, who will lead Microsoft's Device and Studios Engineering Group.She
will thus control "all hardware development and supply chain from the smallest to the largest devices
we build", as well as overseeing Microsoft's games, music, video
and other entertainment operations.Terry Myerson will head Microsoft's operating systems engineering group, which will "span all our OS work for console, to mobile device, to PC, to back-end systems", according to Ballmer.Current president of the Microsoft Office
division Kurt DelBene is retiring as part of the changes."We will plan across the company, so we can better deliver compelling integrated devices and services for the high-value experiences and core technologies around which we organise," explained Ballmer in the email.Microsoft is far from the only technology company grappling with these challenges.There
are shades of Apple's reorganisation in October
2012, when senior vice president of iOS Software Scott Forstall â€“ reportedly a divisive figure internally â€“ left the company as part of a reorganisation designed to "encourage
even more collaboration between the company's world-class hardware, software and services teams".Microsoft is trying to break out of its own silos, with Ballmer announcing that "process wise, each major initiative of the company (product or high-value scenario) will have a team that spans groups to ensure we succeed against our goals."Each of those major initiatives will have an individual "champion" reporting directly to Ballmer, who outlined the key pillars of what he hopes will be Microsoft's growth going forward."Certainly,
succeeding with mobile devices, Windows, Office 365 and Azure will be foundational.
Xbox and Bing will also be key future contributors to financial success," he wrote."Our focus on high-value activities â€“ serious fun, meetings, tasks, research, information
assurance and IT/Dev workloads â€“ also will get top-level championship."MicrosoftComputingSteve BallmerWindowsXboxStuart Dredgeguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The MIT Sea Grant College Program has announced that nominations are now open for the Doherty Professorship in Ocean Utilization. All non-tenured MIT faculty members from any Institute department are eligible.
Department heads may submit one nomination every year. The deadline for nominations is Nov.
16. The person appointed to the chair will receive $25,000 per year for two years, beginning July 1, 2012.Endowed by the Henry L. and Grace Doherty Charitable Foundation, the two-year chair opens the way for promising, non-tenured professors to undertake marine-related research that will further innovative uses of the
ocean's resources. There are no restrictions on the area of research, and any aspect of marine use and/or management may be addressed, whether social, political,
environmental, economic or technical.Final selection will be made by a committee that includes the vice president and dean for research, the dean of engineering, the dean of science, the chairman of the Sea Grant Committee and the director of the MIT Sea Grant College Program, following review and recommendations from the Sea Grant Faculty Committee. The vice president for research will appoint the new Doherty Professor in January 2012. While serving as the Doherty Assistant or
Associate Professor of Ocean Utilization, the incumbent cannot hold another MIT-funded chair.In 2011, the award went to Kripa Varanasi, Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, for his work titled, "Nanoengineered Surfaces for Hydrate Mitigation in Subsea Oil and Gas Operations."
Varanasi will conduct fundamental research on emulsions under subsea conditions. Currently, very little is known â€” for
example, the physicochemical and environmental effects of the demulsifiers used to break down oil in the Macondo oil well blowout are unknown.Anyone wishing to be nominated should contact his or her department head. For nomination procedures and selection criteria, consult the website, or contact Kathy de Zengotita, Room E38-330, 617-253-7042, email@example.com. The electorate has a
stark choice: maintain a semiauthoritarian government that has brought modernity and economic progress or vote in a combative but untested opposition. On Monday, Kenneth R. Feinberg -- Washington's expert in the messy business of valuing tragedy in dollars and cents -- officially takes over one of the messiest cases of his career.
South Carolina coach Steve Spurrier says star defensive end Jadeveon Clowney doesn't want to quit on his team and is looking forward to playing football for the Gamecocks in 2013. Will we always remember where we were the first time we saw Gwyneth Paltrow's derriere? Certain dresses have that effect on the public consciousness -- and let's face it, they're designed ex girlfriend guru Read full article >> Who knows what President Karzai did with his ghost money. With mine, Iâ€™d build sewers, power plants and businesses.
Pesticides, parasites, poor nutrition and a lack of genetic diversity are blamed for a phenomenon known as colony collapse disorder.
How did the lone cowboy hero become such a potent figure in American culture? In an extract from his final book Fractured Times, the late Eric Hobsbawm follows a trail from cheap novels and B-westerns to Ronald ReaganToday, populations of wild horse-riders and herdsmen exist in a large number of regions all round the world.
Some of them are strictly analogous to cowboys, such as gauchos on the plains of the southern cone of Latin America; the llaneros on the plains of Colombia and Venezuela; possibly the vaqueiros of the Brazilian north-east; certainly the Mexican vaqueros from whom indeed, as everyone knows, both the costume of the modern cowboy myth and most of the vocabulary of
the cowboy's trade are directly derived: mustang, lasso, lariat, sombrero, chaps (chaparro), a cinch, bronco.
There are similar populations in Europe, such as the csikos on the Hungarian plain, or puszta, the Andalusian horsemen in the cattle-raising zone whose flamboyant behaviour probably gave the earliest meaning of the word "flamenco",
and the various Cossack communities of the south Russian and Ukrainian plains.In the 16th century there were the exact equivalents of the Chisholm trail leading from the Hungarian plains to the market cities of Augsburg, Nuremberg or Venice.
And I do not have to tell you about the great Australian outback, which is essentially ranching country, though for sheep more than cattle.There is thus no shortage of potential cowboy myths in the western world. And, in fact, practically all the groups I have mentioned have generated macho and heroic semi-barbarian myths of one kind or another in their own countries and sometimes even beyond. But none of them has generated a myth with serious international popularity, let alone one that can compare, even faintly, with the fortunes of the North American cowboy.
Why?Our starting point is the fact that, in and outside Europe, the "western" in its modern sense â€“ that is, the myth of the cowboy â€“ is a late variant of a very early and deep-rooted image: that of the wild west in general. Fenimore Cooper, whose popularity in Europe followed immediately upon his first publication â€“ Victor Hugo thought he was "the American Walter Scott" â€“ is the most familiar
version of this. Nor is he dead. Without
the memory of Leatherstocking, would English punks have invented Mohican hairstyles?The original image of the wild west, I suggest, contains two elements: the confrontation of nature and civilisation, and of freedom with social constraint. Civilisation is what threatens nature; and their move from bondage or constraint into independence, which constitutes the essence of America as a radical European ideal in the 18th and early 19th centuries, is actually what brings civilisation into the wild west and so destroys it. The plough that broke the plains is the end of the buffalo and the Indian.It is clear that many white protagonists of the original wild west epic are in some sense misfits in, or refugees from, "civilisation", but that is not, I think, the main essence of their situation. Basically they are of two types: explorers or visitors seeking something that cannot be found elsewhere â€“ and money is the very last thing they seek; and men who have established a symbiosis with nature, as it exists in its human and non-human shape, in these wilds.In
terms of literary pedigree, the invented cowboy was a late romantic creation. But in terms of social content, he had a double function: he represented the ideal of individualist freedom pushed into a sort of inescapable jail by the closing of the frontier and the coming of the big corporations.
As a reviewer said of Frederic Remington's articles, illustrated by himself in
1895, the cowboy roamed "where the American may still revel in the great red-shirted freedom which has been pushed so far to the mountain wall that it threatens soon to expire somewhere near the top".
In hindsight, the west could seem thus, as it seemed to that sentimentalist and first great star of movie westerns William S Hart, for whom the cattle and mining frontier "to this country â€¦ means the very essence of national life â€¦ It is but a generation or so since virtually all this country was frontier. Consequently its spirit is bound up in American citizenship." As a quantitative statement this is absurd, but its significance is symbolic.
And the invented tradition of the west is entirely symbolic, inasmuch as it generalises the experience of a comparative handful of marginal people. Who, after all, cares that the total number of deaths by gunshot in all the major cattle towns put together between 1870 and 1885 â€“ in Wichita plus Abilene plus Dodge City plus Ellsworth â€“ was 45, or an average of 1.5
per cattle-trading season, or that local western newspapers were not filled with stories about bar-room fights, but about property values and business opportunities?But the cowboy also represented a more dangerous ideal: the defence of the native Waspish American ways against the millions of encroaching immigrants from lower races. Hence the quiet dropping of the Mexican, Indian and black elements, which still appear in the original non-ideological westerns â€“ for instance, Buffalo Bill's show. It is at this stage and in this manner trade miner cowboy becomes the lanky, tall Aryan.
In other words, the invented cowboy tradition is part of the rise of both segregation and anti-immigrant racism; this is a dangerous heritage. The Aryan cowboy is not, of course, entirely mythical. Probably the percentage of Mexicans, Indians and black people did diminish as the wild west ceased to be essentially a south-western, even a Texan, phenomenon, and at the peak of the boom it extended into areas like Montana, Wyoming and the Dakotas. In the later periods of the cattle boom the cowboys were also joined by a fair number of European dudes, mainly Englishmen, with eastern-bred college-men following them.The
new cowboy tradition made its way into
the wider world by two routes: the western movie
and the much underrated western novel or sub-novel, which was to many foreigners what the private eye thriller was to become in our own times.
As for the movies, we know that the genre of the western was firmly established by about 1909.
Show business for a mass public being what it is, it will surprise
nobody that the celluloid cowboy tended to develop two subspecies: the romantic, strong, shy, silent man of action of exemplified by WS Hart, Gary Cooper and John Wayne, and the cowboy entertainer of the Buffalo Bill type â€“ heroic, no doubt, but essentially showing off his
tricks and, as such, usually associated with a particular horse.
Tom Mix was no doubt the prototype and much the most successful of these.The cowboy tradition was reinvented in our times as the established myth of Reagan's America. This is really very recent. For instance, cowboys did not become a serious medium for selling things until the 1960s, surprising though this seems: Marlboro country really revealed the enormous potential in American male identification with cow-punchers, who, of course, are increasingly seen not as riding herd but as gunslingers. Who said: "I've always acted alone like the cowboy â€¦ the cowboy entering the village or city alone on his horse â€¦ He acts, that's all"? Henry Kissinger to Oriana Fallaci in 1972, that's who.
Let me quote you the reductio ad absurdum of this myth, which dates back to 1979: "The West. It's not just stage-coaches and sagebrush. It's an image of men who are real and proud. Of the freedom and independence we all would like to feel. Now Ralph Lauren has expressed all this in Chaps, his new men's cologne. Chaps is a cologne a man can put on as naturally as a worn leather jacket or a pair of jeans. Chaps. It's the West. The West you would like to feel inside yourself."Reading this on a mobile? Click here to viewThe real invented tradition of the west, as a mass phenomenon that dominates American policy, is the product of the eras of Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Reagan.
And of course, Reagan, the first president since Teddy Roosevelt whose image is deliberately western and on horseback, knew what he was doing.Is this Reaganite myth of the west an international tradition? I think not. In the first place because the major American medium by which the invented west was propagated has died out. The western novel, as I have suggested, is no longer an international phenomenon. The private eye has killed the Virginian. Larry McMurtry and his like, whatever their place in American literature, are virtually unknown outside their native country.
As for the western movie, it was killed by TV; and the western TV series, which was probably the last genuinely international mass triumph of the invented west, became a mere adjunct to children's hour, and in turn it has faded away. Where are Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, Roy Rogers, Laramie,
Gunsmoke and the rest on which the kids of the 1950s thrived? The real western movie became deliberately highbrow, a carrier of social, moral and political significance in the 1950s, until it in turn collapsed under their weight as well as the advancing age of the makers and stars â€“ of Ford and Wayne and Cooper.
I'm not criticising them. On the contrary, practically all the westerns that any of us would wish to see
again date from after Stagecoach (which was released in 1939). But what carried the west into the hearts and homes of five continents was not movies that aimed at winning Oscars or critical applause. What is more, once the late western movie had itself become infected by Reaganism â€“ or by John Wayne as an ideologist â€“ it became so American that most of the rest of the world didn't get the point, or, if it did, didn't like it.In
Britain, at least, the word "cowboy" today has a secondary meaning, which is much more familiar than the primary meaning of a fellow in the Marlboro ads: a fellow who comes in from nowhere offering a service, such as to repair your roof, but who doesn't know what
he's doing or doesn't care except about ripping you off: a "cowboy plumber" or a "cowboy bricklayer". I leave you to speculate (a) how this secondary meaning derives from the Shane or John Wayne stereotype and (b) how much it reflects the reality of the Reaganite wearers of dude Stetsons in the sunbelt. I don't know when the term
first appears in British usage, but certainly it was not before the mid-1960s.
In this version, what a man's got to do is to fleece us and disappear into the sunset.There is, in fact, a European backlash against the John clickbank pirate download of the west, and that is the revived genre of the western movie.
Whatever the spaghetti westerns mean, they certainly were deeply critical of the US western myth, and in being so, paradoxically, they showed how much demand there still was among adults in both Europe and
the US for the old gunslingers. The western was revived via Sergio Leone, or for that matter via Kurosawa â€“ that is, via non-American intellectuals steeped in the lore and the films of the west, but sceptical of the American invented tradition.In
the second place, foreigners simply do not recognise the associations of the western myth for the American right or indeed for ordinary Americans. Everyone wears jeans, but without that spontaneous, if faint urge that so many young Americans feel, to slouch against an imagined hitching post, narrowing their eyes against the sun.
Even their aspiring rich don't ever feel tempted to wear
They can watch John Schlesinger's
Midnight Cowboy without a sense of desecration. In short, only Americans live in Marlboro country. Gary Cooper was never a joke, but JR and the other platinum-plated inhabitants of the great dude ranch in Dallas are. In this sense the west is no longer an international tradition.What was so special about cowboys? First, clearly, that they occurred in a country that was universally visible
and central to the 19th-century world, of which it constituted, as it were, the utopian dimension: the living dream.
Anything that happened in America seemed bigger, more extreme, more dramatic and unlimited, even when it wasn't â€“ and of course often it was, though not in the case of the cowboys. Second, because the purely local vogue for western myth was magnified and internationalised by means of the global influence of American popular culture, the most original and creative in the industrial and urban world, and the mass media that carried it and which the US dominated. And let me observe in passing that it made its way in the world not only directly, but also
indirectly, via the European intellectuals it attracted to the US, or at a distance.This
would certainly explain why cowboys are better known than vaqueros or gauchos, but not, I think, the full range of the international vibrations they set up, or used to set up. This, I suggest, is due to the in-built anarchism of American capitalism. I mean not only the anarchism of the market, but the ideal of an individual uncontrolled by any constraints of state authority. In many ways the 19th-century US was a stateless society.
Compare the myths of the American and the Canadian west: the one is a myth of a Hobbesian state of nature mitigated only by individual and collective self-help: licensed or unlicensed gunmen, posses of vigilantes and occasional cavalry charges. The other is the myth of the imposition of government and public order as symbolised by the uniforms of the Canadian version of the horseman-hero, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.Reading
this on a mobile? Click here to viewIndividualist anarchism had two faces. For the rich and powerful it represents the superiority of profit over law and state. Not just because law and the state can be bought, but because even when they can't, they have no moral legitimacy compared to selfishness and profit. For those who have neither wealth nor power, it represents
independence, and the little man's right to make
himself respected and show what he can do.
I don't think it was an accident that the ideal-typical cowboy hero of the classic invented west was a loner, not beholden to anyone; nor, I think, that money was not important for him. As Tom Mix put it: "I ride into a place owning my own horse, saddle and bridle. It isn't my quarrel, but I get into trouble doing the right thing for somebody else.
When it's all ironed out, I never get any money reward."In a way the loner lent himself to imaginary self-identification just because he was a loner. To be Gary Cooper at high noon or Sam Spade, you just have to imagine you are one man, whereas to be Don Corleone or Rico, let alone Hitler, you have to imagine a collective of people who follow and obey you,
which is less plausible. I suggest that the cowboy, just because he was a myth of an ultra-individualist society, the only society of the bourgeois era without real pre-bourgeois roots, was an unusually effective vehicle for dreaming â€“ which is all that most of us get in the way of unlimited opportunities. To ride alone is less implausible than to wait until that marshal's baton in your knapsack becomes reality.US
televisionWesternsUS politicsJohn WayneUnited StatesEric Hobsbawmguardian.co.uk
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our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Record Store Day sales reached new heights last weekend with total album sales increasing by three p[...] David Wright and some former Mets were at City Hall to mark the start of balloting for the All-Star Game, which will be played July 16 at Citi Field. Water-shedding surfaces that are robust in harsh environments could have broad applications in many industries including energy, water, transportation, construction and medicine. For example, condensation of water is a crucial part of many industrial processes, and condensers are
found in most electric power plants and in desalination plants.
Hydrophobic materials â€” ones that prevent water from spreading over a surface, instead forex growth bot download to form droplets that easily fall away â€” can greatly enhance the efficiency of this process. But these materials have one major problem: Most employ thin polymer coatings that degrade when heated, and can easily be destroyed
researchers have now come up with a new class of hydrophobic ceramics that can overcome these problems.
These ceramic materials are highly hydrophobic, but are also durable in the face of extreme temperatures and rough treatment.The work, by mechanical engineering postdoc Gisele Azimi and Associate Professor Kripa Varanasi, along with two graduate students and another postdoc, is described this week in the journal Nature Materials.
Durability has always been a challenge for hydrophobic materials, Varanasi says â€” a challenge he says his team has now solved.Ceramics
are highly resistant to extreme temperatures, but they tend to be hydrophilic (water-attracting) rather than hydrophobic. The MIT team decided to try making ceramics out of a series of elements whose unique electronic structure might render the materials hydrophobic: the so-called
rare earth metals, which are also known as the lanthanide series on the periodic table.Since all of the rare earth metals have similar physico-chemical properties, the team expected that their oxides would behave uniformly in their interactions with water. â€œWe thought they should all have similar properties for wetting, so we said, â€˜Letâ€™s do a systematic study of the whole series,â€™â€ says
Varanasi, who is the Doherty Associate Professor of Ocean Utilization. To test this hypothesis, they used powder oxides of 13 of the 14 members of that series
(excluding one rare earth metal that is radioactive) and made pellets by compacting and heating them to nearly their melting point in order to fuse them into solid, ceramic form â€” a process called sintering.Sure enough, when tested, all 13 of the rare earth oxide ceramics did display strong hydrophobic properties, as predicted. â€œWe showed, for the first time, that there are ceramics that are intrinsically hydrophobic,â€ Varanasi says.These rare earth oxides â€œare exotic materials, and interestingly their wetting properties have not been studied,â€ he says, adding that many of the properties of the entire series are not systematically documented in the scientific literature. â€œThis paper also gives a whole host of the properties of rare-earth oxides.â€This
includes, Azimi says, their morphology, surface chemistry, crystallographic structure, grain structure, sintering temperature and density â€” yielding â€œa catalog of informationâ€ about how to process and use these materials.
The MIT researchers also showed that the materials have greater hardness than many others currently used in rough industrial settings.Despite their name, rare earth metals are not particularly rare. â€œSome of them are as abundant as nickel or copper,â€ Azimi says â€” both of which are widely used industrially.But
separating rare earth metals from the minerals in which they are found can be costly and can leave toxic residues, so their production has been limited.
China is currently the worldâ€™s major supplier of these elements, which have many high-tech applications.
The ceramic forms of rare earth oxides could be used either as coatings on various substrates, or in bulk form. Because their hydrophobicity is an intrinsic chemical property, Azimi says, â€œeven if they are damaged, they can sustain their hydrophobic properties.â€
To prove the point, the team exposed some of these ceramics to a steam environment, similar to what they would face in a power-plant condenser.
Typical polymer-based hydrophobic coatings quickly degrade when exposed to steam, but the ceramics kept their hydrophobicity intact, Varanasi says. The materials sustained their hydrophobicity even after exposure to abrasion, as well as temperatures of 1,000 degrees Celsius, Azimi saysBy coating nanotextured surfaces with these ceramics at MITâ€™s Microsystems Technology Laboratories, the team also demonstrated extreme water repellency where droplets bounced off the surface.
â€œThese materials therefore provide a pathway to make durable superhydrophobic surfaces as well, and these coatings can be fabricated using existing processes. This makes it amenable to retrofit existing facilities, Azimi says.
non-wetting properties coupled with durability could find applications in steam turbines and aircraft engines, for example.Most
prior research on hydrophobic materials and coatings has focused on surface textures and structure rather than on their intrinsic chemical properties, Varanasi says.
â€œNo one has really addressed the key challenge of robust hydrophobic materials,â€ he says.
â€œWe expect these hydrophobic ceramics to have far-reaching technological impact.â€Steve
Granick, a professor of materials science and engineering and professor of chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who was not connected with this research, says, â€œThis discovery of intrinsic hydrophobicity is exciting and fresh.
It's a terrific example of payoff from thinking outside the box.â€The
research, which included MIT postdoc Rajeev Dhiman and graduate students Hyuk-Min Kwon
and Adam Paxson, was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Dupont-MIT Alliance, the MIT Energy Initiative and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Las Supper, which blends hip-hop and soul, tried out some songs from its first album, â€œBack to the Future,â€ at the Blue Note.
Both critics and supporters of President Hugo Chávez took to social networks to discuss what was next for Venezuela after the leader’s death.
MIT announced today that Robert C. Armstrong will be the new director of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), as outgoing director Ernest Moniz leaves the Institute to head the U.S.
Department of Energy. Moniz was confirmed as Secretary of Energy today by the U.S.
Senate, 97-0. Moniz was nominated on March 4.Armstrong has served as the deputy director of MITEI since its founding six years ago. He was co-chair (with Moniz)
of the Energy directory of ezine that laid the groundwork for MITEI and set its guiding principles. Armstrong has since played a leading role in the Initiativeâ€™s development, alongside Moniz. He is the Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering, and has been a member of the MIT faculty since 1973.
Armstrong was head of the Department of Chemical Engineering from 1996 to 2007.â€œProfessor
Armstrong has been a guiding force in the development and success of the MIT Energy Initiative,â€ MIT President L. Rafael Reif said. â€œHe helped shape its transformation from a promising idea into a pioneering source of energy research, policy analysis and education.â€Reif continued, â€œUnder Professor Armstrongâ€™s leadership, MITEI will continue its bold interdisciplinary approach to developing global energy solutions, and it will remain a vital force in MITâ€™s innovation ecosystem. Given Professor Armstrongâ€™s superb technical grounding and his strong relationships with research partners in industry, government and philanthropy, we look forward to this new era at MITEI with the greatest confidence and optimism."Maria
Zuber, MITâ€™s vice president for research, said, â€œProfessor Armstrongâ€™s broad and deep knowledge of energy, combined with his strong commitment to energy research and education, make him the ideal choice to take the reins at MITEI. Iâ€™m looking forward to continuing to work closely with him to further strengthen and spread energy research across the Institute.â€ In 2008, Armstrong was elected to the National Academy of Engineering for conducting outstanding research on non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, co-authoring landmark textbooks, and providing leadership in chemical engineering education. Armstrong has received the Warren K.
Lewis Award and Professional Progress Award, both from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, for his outstanding and continuing contributions to chemical engineering education and the rheology and fluid mechanics of complex fluids.
He also received the 2006 Bingham Medal from the Society of Rheology, which is devoted to the study of the science of deformation and flow of matter.Armstrong played a vital role in shaping the design of MITEI to focus on linking science, innovation and policy to help transform global energy systems. During his service as deputy director, the Initiative has supported almost 800 research projects at the Institute and continues to engage a quarter of the MIT faculty in its projects and programs. Armstrong maintains strong relationships with MITEIâ€™s coalition of industry, foundation, government and private partners.
More than two-thirds of the projects supported through this coalition have been in no- or low-carbon research, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, carbon management, and enabling tools such as biotechnology, nanotechnology and advanced modeling. The largest single area of funded research is in solar energy, with more than 100 research projects in this area alone.
Projects supported through MITEI have fostered the development of such innovative technologies as
low-cost solar cells that can be printed directly onto paper or other flexible, inexpensive materials; utility-scale liquid batteries that could enable grid integration of intermittent energy sources; transparent solar cells that could be built into display screens or windows; and bioengineered batteries. Armstrong has also been heavily involved in MITEIâ€™s seed fund program.
More than 100 MITEI seed fund projects have served to attract many MIT faculty to energy-related research and to launch new research directions. Several MITEI-supported projects have
led to the formation of startup companies, reflecting the Instituteâ€™s longstanding focus on commercializing technology solutions.In
addition, Armstrong has been influential in stressing a major focus on education at MITEI.
The Initiative has awarded 252 graduate fellowships in energy and 104 undergraduate research opportunities.
Under the guidance of Armstrong and Moniz, the Initiative established an energy minor in 2009.
It is already one of the Instituteâ€™s most popular minors.
This experiment in interdisciplinary undergraduate education represents the first official academic program that brings together all five schools across MIT. Researchers found when women used an alcohol-free mouth rinse, the risk of early labor seemed to be decreased by three-quarters, according to the news service.
The prisoners escaped during deadly rioting over a power failure and water shortage that disrupted fast-breaking for Ramadan.
Fortunately the situation is a lot better now than it was a few years ago.
full postPosted in Accessibility, CSS.Copyright Â© Roger Johansson The Mail reports the women are either ongoing donors, one-time donors or soon-to-be moms who have pledged milk if they have some left over. Bucks readers tell of their own experiences in
dealing with their insurance companies for damage to their homes from Hurricane Sandy. IN NOVEMBER, Marine Corps Lt. Gen. John F. Kelly stood before an audience in St. Louis and spoke from the heart about the disconnect between the lives and experiences of members of the U.S.
military - and those of the civilians they are defending. The armed forces are at war and have been for a d...
It doesn't matter whether Shane Larkin is passing the ball or taking it from the other team. The Miami point guard always wants to keep his teammates involved. Add Paul Ryan to the list of targets for President Obama's charm offensive.
The House Budget Committee chairman and former GOP vice presidential nominee told reporters Wednesday that he had received a call from the president this week. Read full article